THE MALAY COLLEGE KUALA KANGSAR

Kolej Melayu Kuala Kangsar

The Malay College Kuala Kangsar (Malay: Kolej Melayu Kuala Kangsar, abbreviated as Malay College, MCKK, MC or KoletKoleq and sometimes dubbed “the Eton of the East”, other than Mayo College) is a premier residential school in Malaysia. It is an all-boys and all-Malay school in the royal town of Kuala Kangsar, Perak. The school is one of the only two boarding schools in Malaysia that are under the royal patronage. Its royal patronage is the Conference of Rulers. It was awarded Cluster School of Excellence title by the Ministry of Education (Malaysia). In 2010,the school was awarded with the Sekolah Berprestasi Tinggi or High Performance School title, a title awarded to the 20 schools in Malaysia that have met stringent criteria including academic achievement, strength of alumni, international recognition, network and linkages. The school is specialized in rugby and basketball.

COLLEGE'S ANTHEM

Oh The Malay College
Harapan bangsaku
Dengan sejarah yang cemerlang
Harumlah namamu

Kolej istimewa
Didikan untuk semua
Keluar membimbing negara
Maju terus mara

Banggaku rasakan
Khidmatku berikan
Takku lupakan jasa-jasamu
Oh The Malay College

COAT OF ARMS

The shield is quartered, coloured white (Argent) in the first quarter, red (Gules) in the second, black (Sable) in the third and yellow (Or) in the fourth.

The colours represent the four houses into which the students are grouped: Idris (white), Sulaiman (red), Mohd Shah (yellow) and Ahmad (black).

In the middle of the shield is a red kris, a traditional Malay dagger. On top of the crest is a head of a tiger which is the symbol of the Federation of Malaya. Surrounding the left and right side of the shield are laurel wreaths symbolizing excellence. The school motto is Fiat Sapientia Virtus, which is Latin for “Let Manliness Come Through Wisdom”.

HISTORY

Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK) is the first fully residential school in Malaysia. Established on 2 January 1905, it was originally known as the Malay Residential School of Kuala Kangsar.

The school was the brainchild of R J Wilkinson, inspector of schools for the Federated Malay States. In a letter to the resident-general dated 24 February 1904 he wrote about:

“…establishing at a suitable locality in the F.M.S., a special residential school for the education of Malays of good family and for the training of Malay boys for admission to certain branches of Government service”.

Its formation was supported by the rulers of the Federated Malay States: Sultan Idris Murshidul ‘Adzam Shah I of Perak, Sultan Alaiddin Sulaiman Shah of Selangor, Yam Tuan Tuanku Muhammad Shah of Negeri Sembilan and Sultan Ahmad Mu’adzam Shah of Pahang.

W Hargreaves, headmaster of Penang Free School, was appointed as the first headmaster to lead the establishment of the school with 40 pioneering students. Since 1965, the Malay College has been led by Malay headmasters.

As it was founded to educate the Malay elite, being royal children and the sons of Malay nobility, few of its early students were from commoner families. However, during Tun Abdul Razak Hussein tenure as Minister of Education in 1947, as a result of rising Malay nationalism, he democratized the intake. This is mainly because of his experience as an alumnus there, where he found out the aristocrats that gained admittance to this college were mainly below par compared to their less-privileged peers in Victoria Institution and Raffles Institution. Their status as aristocrats had caused them to not be independent and to have no willingness to strive for a better future. Today, only selected Malay boys aged 12 to 17 from around Malaysia are educated there.

Some of the notable teachers there were Pendeta Za’Ba and Anthony Burgess.

The Straits Echo on 15 April 1905 reported that a few boys were placed in cozy dormitories in Hargreaves’ rented house, while the others were stabled in small houses formerly occupied by the Malayan Railway clerks. The second half of the school, conducted by Mr Vanrenen was held in a fowl house. There were 40 boys in the first intake.

The sanction for the building of a permanent school became official on 23 December 1905; by 1 May 1909, the Big School was first brought into use. On Saturday, 11 December 1909, the Big School was officially opened by the Sultan of Perak, and the auspicious date also marked the change in the name of the school from the Malay Residential School of Kuala Kangsar to the Malay College of Kuala Kangsar.

The change seems to have seen greater emphasis on the original aim of MCKK. A report from 1910 said:

“From this school the Government have great hopes that the sons of Malays of the Raja and higher class will be educated and trained on the lines of an English Public School and be fitted to take a share in the Government of their Country”.

Since its inception, more than 5,000 boys (and 2 girls) have entered the gates of MCKK. The first Malay College Magazine was published in 1939. The compulsory white uniforms were introduced in 1949, before that, the students wore Malay dress. The Kolet samping designed and woven in Terengganu consisting of black, yellow and red (with resultant overlapping colours) was introduced in 1939 to be worn with white Malay baju & seluar and black kopiah was made the optional Malay uniform. It was only made compulsory in 1959 by the last British Headmaster, NJ Ryan. With the introduction of Squash in 1938, Eton Fives began to lose popularity.

The Headmaster changed the names of the 3 Houses (Rookies, Heads and Wheelies) to the four names of FMS Rulers in 1905. He was the same Headmaster who personally raised the UMNO flag on Federation Day, 01,02,1948, when the Kolet boys assembled to celebrate the demise of the Malayan Union and to sing the “new Malay National Anthem” as described by Hashim Sam Latiff. Kolet adopt (& perhaps adapt) that tune to be the MCKK Anthem using the words in the Ode to the MCKK penned by teacher-cum-poet/writer/composer Anthony Burgess. His words, turned into lyrics for the anthem, manifest the meaning of Fiat Sapientia Virtus.

In October 1989, the Queen and Prince Phillip visited the school.

In 2004, the college was made under purview of the rulers with Raja Dr Nazrin Shah was appointed as board chairman.

The college celebrated its centenary on 26 March 2005, attended by dignitaries, old boys, and townspeople. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia attended the event, along with the royal rulers of the states of Perak, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan as well as the governor of Malacca. The college was also proclaimed as the Heritage Institution of Culture and Country.

On 10 June 2006, Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko of Japan visited the school. The monarchs had promised to visit the school in the 1990s.

Since 30 May 2007, the Malaysian Ministry of Education has recognized MCKK as a cluster school.

In 2010, the school has been selected to be among the first High Performing Schools (Sekolah Berprestasi Tinggi) while in 2013, the Prep School celebrated its centenary.

MCKK has also hosted 2 international events, which are The Malay College Youth Development Summit since 2008 until now, and The Malay College Rugby Premier Sevens since 2011. Both events consist of international schools across the globe such as India, Singapore, South Korea and Australia.

Name

The Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK)

Address

Jalan Tun Abdul Razak, 33000 Kuala Kangsar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia.

Telephone

+605 776 1400

Fax

+605 776 4500

Type

Public all-boys boarding school

Established

2nd January 1905

Founders

Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah (Perak)

Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah (Selangor)

Tuanku Muhammad Shah (Negeri Sembilan)

Sultan Ahmad Al Muadzam Shah (Pahang)

School District

Kuala Kangsar

Headmaster

Mr. Anand bin Baharuddin

Grades

Form 1 – Form 5

Number of Students

605

Medium of Language

Malay & English

Yearbook

The Malay College Magazine